Outside/In: Why Are We So Afraid of the Woods?
Scary stories are often set in the dark and wild woods, but why does nature inspire fear? We look for answers in the forests, cemeteries, and witch trials of New England.
Nature is a Haunted House
Maureen McMurray and Sam Evans-Brown
Sam visits a cemetery with paranormal experts and talks with Aaron Mahnke, host of the podcast Lore, to find out what makes the woods so terrifying and to test his own beliefs along the way.
“I think for a very long time the wilderness represented the unknown to us. I know we like to feel like we have a full understanding of what’s out there— we’re modern humans after all—but I think we’d be lying to ourselves if we said there was nothing left to learn or explore,” said Mahnke.
Featuring Rich Damoise, Jerry "the Candyman" Seavey, and Aaron Mahnke.
This episode was originally published in 2016. For more pictures and a print version of this piece, click here.
Finding the Devil in Indigenous people, nature, and women
"When English settlers come to New England ... they literally demonize Native people," said Dr. Tricia Peone, program manager at New Hampshire Humanities. She's also a historian of early modern history and magic, and the cohost of "The Real Witches of New Hampshire" series, a collaboration between New Hampshire Humanities and New Hampshire Public Radio.
"This serves a really clear purpose for the English because they are trying to take over this territory, so it just so happens from their perspective that Satan is colluding with their enemies, which are the French and the Indigenous people of New England, in order to overthrow their Godly new society that they're trying to set up here."
The demonization of indigenousness overlapped with a suspicion of unsettled nature and accusations of witchcraft, which was defined as a pact with the Devil.
"The English believe [New England] it's basically a supernatural or haunted landscape, because the Devil is physically present here. So that's tied with this view of nature as scary," said Peone.
"They see themselves as needing to be especially careful because the Devil is physically living here and working with Native Americans," said Peone. "Especially if you're a women who's conceived of as weaker, more likely to sin, more likely to want to go to parties with the Devil and have him buy you fancy things and sign his book... to join what they saw as—you could conceive of it as a massive conspiracy theory."
Witch trials took place across New England during the colonial era, including in New Hampshire and, most famously, in Salem, MA, in 1692, during which hundreds of people were accused of witchcraft and nineteen hanged, one pressed to death, and five died in prison.
The Real Witches of New Hampshire: The Cutting Edge of the Occult
Justine Paradis and Dr. Tricia Peone
In fewer than three hundred years, New England moved on from witch trials and executions to become a place where people openly call themselves witches.
But there are many ways to practice modern magic.
Featuring Roxie Zwicker, Rachel Christ, JW Ocker, Stephen Intermill, Erika Shoukimas, Veronica Light, and Knate Higgins.
This is the second episode of The Real Witches of New Hampshire, a collaboration with New Hampshire Humanities. Click here for a print version of this piece and more photos.