Updated at 7:08 a.m. ET
Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders has opened up a double-digit lead in the Democratic nominating contest, according to a new NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist poll.
Sanders has 31% support nationally, up 9 points since December, the last time the poll asked about Democratic voters' preferences.
His next closest contender has 19%. But that second-place rival is former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. With this poll, Bloomberg has qualified for the Nevada debate, despite not being on the ballot there for Saturday's caucuses.
Many Americans have become familiar with Bloomberg lately in this race because of his ubiquitous TV ads. But now get ready to see him on the debate stage for the first time Wednesday.
Bloomberg campaign manager Kevin Sheekey called the new poll result the latest evidence of a "groundswell" for the candidate.
We’re headed to Nevada! Our campaign is seeing a groundswell of support across the country, and qualifying for the February 19 debate is the latest sign that @MikeBloomberg’s plan and ability to defeat Donald Trump is resonating with more and more Americans. https://t.co/TrPLLBw7T7— Kevin Sheekey (@ksheekey) February 18, 2020
To qualify, a candidate needed to have won at least one delegate in the first two contests, have four national polls showing the candidate with 10% or more or two state polls from either South Carolina or Nevada showing the candidate with 12% or more support. Bloomberg previously cracked 10% in polls from Quinnipiac University, Monmouth University and Fox News.
Bloomberg, a multibillionaire, has spent more than $300 million of his own money on ads, and despite not competing in the first four states of the nominating process, he's vaulted now into second place nationally.
In recent days, Sanders and Bloomberg have upped attacks against each other. Sanders has taken aim at Bloomberg for the amount of money he has spent in the campaign, accusing him of trying to buy the nomination.
He tweeted that Bloomberg "will not create the kind of excitement and energy we need to defeat Donald Trump." Bloomberg responded by tweeting a video compilation of attacks leveled against fellow competitors by Sanders supporters online and stressing it's important to "unite" and that "this type of 'energy' is not going to get us there."
Third among Democratic voters and Democratic-leaning independents is former Vice President Joe Biden with 15%, down 9 points since December.
The debate Wednesday, as well as Biden's performance in Nevada Saturday and South Carolina a week later, are critical to whether the former vice president has a real chance at the nomination after disappointing fourth- and fifth-place showings in Iowa and New Hampshire, respectively.
Following Biden is Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren at 12%, also down from December — by 5 points — after poor showings in Iowa and New Hampshire.
Next is Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar at 9%. She's up from 4% in December after surprisingly good finishes in the first two contests, and she has leaped ahead of Pete Buttigieg in this national survey.
The former South Bend, Ind., mayor is at just 8%, down from 13% in December, not a good sign for the candidate after very solid finishes in the first two contests. Buttigieg is the delegate leader, one ahead of Sanders. He won the most national delegates out of Iowa and, though he narrowly finished second to Sanders in New Hampshire, they tied with the same number of delegates out of the state.
The poll result is especially inauspicious for Buttigieg heading into Super Tuesday, March 3, in what will be essentially a national primary, with 16 contests and more than a third of all delegates up for grabs on that single day.
The one thing Biden can continue to hang his hat on is how well he does against President Trump. All of the top six Democrats the poll tested beat Trump in a head-to-head matchup, but Biden does best, beating Trump by 6 points and the only candidate to reach 50%.
Next best is Bloomberg, who beats Trump by 4 points, 48% to 44%; followed by Sanders, 48% to 45%; Buttigieg and Klobuchar do the same against the incumbent president, 47% to 45%; Warren runs about even with Trump, just 1 point ahead, 47% to 46%.
In this survey, Sanders has broad support. He leads, as expected, with those younger than 45, progressives, in cities and among those without college degrees. But he also leads with women; college graduates, including white college graduates; in the suburbs and rural areas; and is second with black voters, within the margin of error, to Biden.
Bloomberg leads with moderates and voters older than 45, showing the clear split in the party, and where Bloomberg's appeal is and might grow if he does well on Super Tuesday. Bloomberg is also second with women, voters without a college degree and in rural areas. He also is third with black voters, showing that if Biden doesn't do well in South Carolina and drops out before Super Tuesday, Bloomberg might stand to benefit.
Two candidates who have to be worried about their lack of support with black voters, especially as the race is about to take a turn to the South, are Buttigieg and Klobuchar. They each get only 4% and 3%, respectively, with black voters. Klobuchar does better against Trump with black voters, with 80% of African Americans saying they would vote for her over Trump. Buttigieg gets just 74% saying they will vote for him.
In 2016, Democrat Hillary Clinton won 89% of black voters nationally against Trump, according to exit polls.
The live-caller telephone survey of 527 Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents was conducted by the Marist Poll at the Marist Institute for Public Opinion. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 5.4 percentage points.
DAVID GREENE, HOST:
The Democratic presidential race is entering a very different phase this week with more diverse states having a say, and things are going to be very different at the next debate in Nevada tomorrow night. Mike Bloomberg has qualified to be on stage. The former mayor of New York hit that mark in a new poll. It's actually a poll from NPR, the PBS NewsHour and Marist. And let's talk all this through with NPR senior political editor and correspondent Domenico Montanaro.
DOMENICO MONTANARO, BYLINE: Hey, David.
GREENE: So let's start with Bloomberg and how this process worked here. He's going to be on the debate stage for the first time, although this is the ninth debate we've seen. What - how did this happen?
MONTANARO: Well, number one, he's a multi-billionaire, and he's shown a willingness to spend. I mean, he's spent more than $300 million of his own money on ads nationally. It's raised his profile and now vaulted him into second place in our poll with 19%.
And it's not just our poll. This is the fourth one showing Bloomberg at 10% or more nationally. And that's the threshold for what he needed to qualify for Wednesday's debate. The odd thing here is that he's not even on the ballot in Nevada, where the debate's going to be held.
MONTANARO: He's, instead, focusing his resources on the Super Tuesday states on March 3, which hold more than a third of all the delegates up for grabs.
GREENE: So he's not - even though it's going to be in Nevada, he's not going to be speaking to Nevada caucus-goers. I mean, he's hoping to deliver his message and raise his profile nationally with this.
MONTANARO: That's exactly right.
GREENE: So looking at our - the NPR poll, Bernie Sanders has been building his status as a front-runner. I mean, certainly off of these first couple contests where he did very well, our poll seems to show him building and gaining. What - what do you attribute this to as you look at the numbers?
MONTANARO: Yeah, it's a big story. I mean, while Democratic moderates are split, I mean, progressives are appearing to unify around Sanders. We've seen Elizabeth Warren decline a bit, and Sanders has picked up a lot of that vote because he's ahead pretty strongly with progressives. He's now opened up a double-digit lead in our poll. He's got 31% of the vote overall. And he also appears to be expanding his coalition.
This is not just coming from progressives or voters under 45 or people who live in cities. Where Sanders - he's leading in all of those areas, predictably. But he's also now ahead with women, people who live in rural and suburban areas and he's in a close second when it comes to black voters behind former Vice President Biden, who's, by the way, fading in this poll. He's just third with 15%.
GREENE: And he, obviously, is going into some very important states to try and remain viable here. So the primary season, we're going from places like Iowa, New Hampshire, to states that are much more diverse like Nevada, like South Carolina. What are you seeing as this moves on?
MONTANARO: Well, these are very different states, I mean, much more diverse coalitions. And they're going to look nothing like Iowa and New Hampshire. Iowa and New Hampshire are two of the whitest states in the country. More than 90% of even the Democratic electorate was white.
Nevada and South Carolina, though, many more black and brown voters - Nevada, 41% nonwhite. About 1 in 5 Nevada Democratic voters in 2016 was Latino. In 2016, there was also about 13% black and 4% Asian, so a lot of different coalitions and groups there. And in South Carolina - two-thirds nonwhite - mostly African American. Sixty-one percent of the Democratic voters in 2016 who came out in South Carolina were black.
GREENE: I'm just thinking about some of the other names we're talking about coming out of New Hampshire. Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar - what does this new phase of the race mean for them?
MONTANARO: It's a huge test for them. You know, we talk about, you know, Bloomberg rising to 19%. You've got Klobuchar and Buttigieg stuck around 9 and 8% each. And Buttigieg did very well in Iowa and New Hampshire. Klobuchar - surprisingly good finishes in both, especially in New Hampshire.
But both have struggled with voters of color. Our poll, for example, showed them in single digits, not only overall, but about 3 or 4% each with black voters. That's just not going to get it done. And if they want to be able to show that they can be the alternative to Bernie Sanders instead of Bloomberg or Biden or someone like that, it's going to be nearly impossible for them to do that and win the nomination without winning over voters of color.
So Nevada and South Carolina - a big test for them.
GREENE: NPR senior political editor and correspondent Domenico Montanaro. Domenico, thanks.
MONTANARO: You're welcome. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.