In these unsettled, unsettling times, some of us look to things like horror movies and dystopian novels as a means to keep things in perspective. Things are bad, these people think, as they delight in characters meeting various grisly ends, or huddling around barrel-fires in fishnet stockings and fingerless gloves, but they're not this bad.
As a coping strategy, it's valid. Niche, but valid. Because the vast majority of us are of course not dealing with the present moment by seeking out tiny, bite-sized versions of the yawning uncertainty that now surrounds us — not for us, those kind of homeopathic horrors.
No, the rest of us are looking for exactly the opposite: art and culture that reassures us that things are going to be okay, that offers us a happily ever after. Here are a few suggestions.
Book and film: The Princess Bride
The phrase, "And they lived happily ever after" — what we've come to consider the classic fairy tale ending — crops up often enough, with some variation, in the folk tales compiled by the Brothers Grimm. But while the virtuous and pure of heart in those stories often ended up blissfully co-existing in perpetuity, ol' Jacob and Wilhelm gleefully doled out some pretty gnarly, grisly and downright grim punishments to their various antagonists. (Cinderella's step-sisters, for example. Look it up. Yowza.)
Disney's animated films based on fairy tales tend to scrub the darker stuff away, which makes them a comparatively thin gruel, narratively, but they are sources of unalloyed happiness — and you can't deny they look great; many also sport catchy tunes, which, bonus.
Speaking of: Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine's musical Into the Woods threw a bunch of Grimm's fairy tales into a melodic blender. But where Disney's impulse was to sweatily paper over the violence and emotional turmoil of those stories, Sondheim and Lapine opted to steer directly into them. While pumping the gas. And hitting the nitrous.
Long ago, a friend who'd seen the original Broadway production told me found it depressing. He knew, intellectually, that the show's intent was to dissect the whole notion of happily ever afters, and assert that stories don't truly end — but he soberly advised me to leave at the end of Act One. (Act Two is when all the happy, satisfying, familiar conclusions of Act One disintegrate into chaos and darkness.)
At the time, I thought he was nuts. Looking around today, I almost see his point. Almost.
Over the years a thriving cottage (heh) industry has arisen, full of stories that seek to deconstruct fairy tale endings by radically reimagining them (comics like Fables and Castle Waiting, television series like Once Upon a Time) and/or dosing them with withering irony (Jay Ward's animated Fractured Fairy Tales.)
At first glance, The Princess Bride — both William Goldman's 1973 novel and Rob Reiner's 1987 film — would seem to belong to the latter camp. Both feature wry, knowingly meta elements, both happily riff on our received expectations. And yet this story, filled with giants and pirates and swordsmen and princesses, ends with true love winning out. With, in point of fact: "mawwiage."
(Note: While both book and film share a winking meta-narrative structure, in Goldman's novel, the layers of asides and inversions and formal invention are more numerous, and go deeper. It makes it the more satisfying version of the story, but also the more intentionally ambiguous, as far as endings go. If you're looking for sheer uplift — the pirate and the princess get married! the kid is less of a jerk to his grampa! — go with the movie.)
Play and film: Shakespeare's The Tempest
By now you've noticed that the fairy tale, and fairy tale-adjacent, stories discussed so far share the same narrow, heteronormative definition of "happily ever ever" — namely, matrimony. (Notable exceptions: Disney's Frozen films and Moana.)
Your mileage on that score may vary, but you can't deny that, for centuries, ending a story with a marriage has been the go-to narrative gambit for sending audiences home happy. Shakespeare casts the longest shadow, here.
Famously, his plays fall into three categories: Histories (some folks die), Tragedies (everybody dies), and comedies (everybody gets married). Marriage is to a Shakespeare comedy as Sam Jackson is to a Marvel movie: wait long enough, it'll show up.
So if you're looking for something a little chewier than The Princess Bride, try a Shakespeare comedy, which always end on a high, breezy, comfortingly on-the-nose note. (Here's a guy who titled one of his comedies All's Well That Ends Well, spoilers be damned.) My favorite is his final play, The Tempest, because it is so resolutely, stubbornly weird.
It's such a dark, violent play, full of monsters and magic and revenge, and then — in the last few minutes! — it turns on a dime. Suddenly, it's All is forgiven! Everything's jake! Let's get married! This tonal whiplash is funnier than anything that's gone before, but it's so dang giddy, it can't help but win you over.
You can find several versions streaming on Broadway.tv, iTunes and other streaming services.
Book: Less, by Andrew Sean Greer
If you don't subscribe to the notion of a wedding as the happiest of all possible endings (and listen, I hear you. I mean, whether or not a marriage proves a happy one, the wedding is less of an ending and more of a beginning, by definition), try the gently funny, Pulitzer-winning novel Less. I've been talking it up a lot, lately, because I recently returned to it and was reminded of how perfectly, and with what gentle, unlooked-for but thoroughly welcome happiness it ends.
It's about a middle-aged gay man named Arthur Less trying to figure out how the rest of his life is going to look, so he takes a trip around the world. And while Arthur himself isn't exactly an introspective sort, the book's narrator, and the characters Arthur meets along the way, are all much insightful about him and his life than he is. So, by extension, we the reader always feel two steps ahead of Arthur, until that lighting bolt of an ending, which closes with an image so small, so satisfying and so beautiful it'll make your whole damn day.
Television series: Happy Endings
I tried to find a TV series with an unambiguously happy ending, but it turns out that the endings of television shows tend to be bittersweet things. And now? Right now? Is not the time for bittersweet. We want, we need, sweet-sweet. Sugar bombs.
So let's mix it up, and go with a show called Happy Endings — a sitcom that ran on ABC from 2011 to 2013. You can find all three seasons on Hulu, or you can buy episodes on iTunes and all the usual streaming sites.
It's about six twenty-something friends in Chicago, so the setup is Friends -- but the humor is goofier, the jokes come faster and the cast is fantastic, including several actors who've blown up in the years since the show went off the air, like Adam Pally and Casey Wilson and (my pick for show MVP) Eliza Coupe.
Now, Happy Endings didn't enjoy a fairy tale ending — it was cancelled way too soon — but it's something you can keep going back to; I do. So if you love something, your life with it ... never has to end. Which is a happy thought.
DAVID GREENE, HOST:
You know, in these uncertain times, some of us look to things like horror movies, dystopian novels, you know, to kind of keep things in perspective, let's say. But many of us are also looking for exactly the opposite, art and culture that reassures us that things are going to be OK, offering us a happily ever after. Well, we have Glen Weldon from NPR's Pop Culture Happy Hour with us. He's got some suggestions. Hi there, Glen.
GLEN WELDON, BYLINE: Hey, David.
GREENE: OK. So you have ideas for those of us who want to be reassured by some kind of fairy tale ending. Give us some of them.
WELDON: Yeah. So let's start with a modernized fairy tale that a lot of your listeners are going to know already, "The Princess Bride."
GREENE: Oh, yeah.
WELDON: It's a book by William Goldman and the 1987 film by Rob Reiner. Everybody knows it. It's a story of giants and pirates and swordsmen and princesses. And it's got this very wry, very meta sense of humor. And if you haven't read or seen it in a while, just know it holds up beautifully. The pirate and the princess fall in love and live happily ever after.
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE PRINCESS BRIDE")
PETER COOK: (As The Impressive Clergyman) Marriage. Marriage is what brings us together today.
GREENE: Just hearing that makes me know I have to go see that movie again very soon.
GREENE: OK. So marriage is the definition of a happy ending that we're going with here?
WELDON: It's the traditional definition and certainly was back in Shakespeare's time. You know, he wrote histories where some folks die and tragedies in which pretty much everybody dies and comedies, which to him basically just meant everyone gets married. So if you're looking for something a little chewier than "The Princess Bride," try a Shakespeare comedy. My favorite is "The Tempest" because it is so weird, David. It is so dark and violent. It's full of monsters and magic and revenge. And then in the last few minutes, it turns on a dime and all is forgiven. And everyone's happy. And everybody, let's get married - you know, this tonal whiplash that I love. There's a good 2010 version of "The Tempest" that Julie Taymor directed that's available on a lot of different streaming sites right now.
GREENE: I mean, Glen, what about happy endings for folks who don't subscribe to Shakespeare's definition?
WELDON: Well, listeners might've heard about the novel "Less" - L-E-S-S - by Andrew Sean Greer - won the Pulitzer in 2018. It's about this middle-aged gay man named Arthur Less who's trying to figure out what to do with the rest of his life. So he takes a trip around the world. And it's a really gently funny novel throughout because the narrator and all the characters that Arthur meets are a lot more insightful than he is. So they're two steps ahead of him, and so we, the reader, are, too. And I don't want to spoil the ending if you haven't read it. But I will say, it is the most tremendously satisfying end to a novel I can recall. It closes on this beautiful image that just make your whole damn day.
GREENE: That sounds awesome. All right. Well, you gave us movies, theater, books. What about TV shows with happy endings?
WELDON: Well, you know, I thought about that. But the endings of TV shows tend to be kind of bittersweet. And let's agree, now is not the time for bittersweet. Now is the time for sweet-sweet.
WELDON: We need sugar bombs. So let's mix it up and go, instead, with a show called "Happy Endings," a sitcom that ran on ABC from 2011 to 2013. You can find all three seasons on Hulu. Or you can buy episodes on iTunes and the usual places. It's about these six 20-something friends in Chicago. So the setup is very "Friends," the TV show, but the humor is a lot goofier. The jokes come a lot faster. And the cast is just fantastic, you know, Adam Pally and Casey Wilson and Eliza Coupe, who, for me, is the MVP here.
(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "HAPPY ENDINGS")
ELIZA COUPE: (As Jane Kerkovich-Williams) I need this wedding to be - say it with me - perfect.
UNIDENTIFIED ACTORS: (As characters) Perfect.
ELISHA CUTHBERT: (As Alex Kerkovich) Pearl Harbor. Pearl Harbor...
COUPE: (As Jane Kerkovich-Williams) What?
CUTHBERT: (As Alex Kerkovich) Because we want this wedding to be the bomb, just like that Michael Bay movie, "Armageddon."
GREENE: (Laughter) That's great.
WELDON: Now, the show itself didn't have a fairy-tale ending. It was canceled way too soon. But it's something you can keep going back to. I certainly have. So like the novel "Less," the play "The Tempest" and the book and film "The Princess Bride," that brings us to a nice way to end - a happy way to end - this segment. See what I did there?
GREENE: It sure does. I do see what you did there. Glen Weldon from NPR's Pop Culture Happy Hour podcast. Thanks so much, Glen.
WELDON: Thank you.
(SOUNDBITE OF MARK KNOPFLER AND GUY FLETCHER'S "A HAPPY ENDING") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.